La Salle University was established in Philadelphia’s Kensington neighborhood in 1863 but moved several times thereafter, eventually arriving at its present location on Olney Avenue in 1930. In 1992, Route 23 streetcar service was abruptly suspended. These purchases culminated in the 1855 ⇒ Read More, For more than two centuries, Philadelphia’s Fairmount Water Works provided two vitally important, but different, services to the city. After William Penn founded Philadelphia as the capital of his New World colony, the forests that had sustained the Lenni-Lenapes slowly gave way to farms and estates. In 1966, City Council passed ordinances that “rezone[d] the entire district [North Central Philadelphia] to permit institutional construction and…authorize[d] the Redevelopment Authority to condemn and acquire the property” (The Evening Bulletin, 9/15/66). But its time-study engineers, along with the assembly line, came to symbolize ⇒ Read More, Since the eighteenth century, Philadelphia-area scientific societies have promoted scholarship and innovation, increased access to scientific knowledge and played an important role in the professionalization of various disciplines. Established in 1879 as Friends Mission No. Early demands focused on the abolition of slavery and desegregation of public accommodations. This event paved the way for future university-community initiatives in the area. First City: Philadelphia and the Forging of Historical Memory. A charter for The Temple College was issued in 1888. Thanks to its charming design and placement beside the bucolic Schuylkill River, its second ⇒ Read More, Philadelphia’s association with movie-making dates back to the beginning of the film industry, when the city’s Lubin Manufacturing Company created and distributed many of the first generation of silent films. Takenaka, Ayumi and Mary Johnson Osirim, eds. While a new home-grown style of African American soul music emerged in the late 1960s and early 1970s that once again ⇒ Read More, More than just a popular series of Hollywood films or the fictional prizefighter whose life and career they chronicle, Rocky is a late-twentieth-century cultural phenomenon that reframed Philadelphia for local, national, and international audiences. From the pioneering manufacturers of steam locomotives in the Spring Garden section of the city in the 1830s to the sprawling plant of the Baldwin Locomotive Works in Delaware County in the twentieth century, the products, the companies, and the buildings ⇒ Read More, The March of the Mill Children, the three-week trek from Philadelphia to New York by striking child and adult textile workers launched on July 7, 1903, by Mary Harris “Mother” Jones (1837-1930), trained public attention on the scourge of child labor and energized efforts to end it by law. In 1992, the “Urban Initiatives Project” was funded by the U.S. Department of Education to help build the North Philadelphia community through a variety of initiatives including family literacy training, architectural and landscape design and construction, small business development, community leadership training, and recreation and mentoring services. In a newspaper article, a Licenses and Inspections spokesman said “the door-to-door checkup of living conditions was aimed at improving blighted areas” and “assuring compliance with the standard of the Housing Code as to maintenance, occupation, and condition of the dwelling” (The Evening Bulletin, 8/19/59). One of the first major developments in North Philadelphia following the Revolutionary War was an initiative to build a canal to link the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers. The Founder’s Hall (pictured above) at Girard College was built between 1833 and 1847. North Philadelphia also became a center of black activism as the area’s African American residents fought for better representation and working conditions and against redlining practices that refused housing loans to individuals who lived in areas deemed to be “high risk.” Nevertheless, white flight from North Philadelphia led to increased segregation in the area during the 1950s and the 1960s, decades that also saw the shuttering of many of the factories that North Philadelphia’s residents had long depended upon for work. All archive photos may be searched by keyword and date. As federal funding for such efforts dried up in the Reagan era, ⇒ Read More, Convents—communities of women devoted to religious life—in the Greater Philadelphia area played a significant role in the education of youth and in social services for communities from the nineteenth century into the twenty-first century. These inhabitants included Native Americans, English colonists, and enslaved Africans in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and waves of immigrants hailing from places as varied as America’s southern states; Northern, Southern, and Eastern Europe; the Caribbean; and Latin America in the nineteenth, twentieth, and  twenty-first centuries. History of North Philadelphia Nineteenth-century maps of Philadelphia offer a compelling visual record documenting how urban expansion gradually eliminated the farms north of the city, replacing them with homes, factories, warehouses, workshops, and other institutions. The neighborhoods of North Philadelphia are home to a number of historical landmarks. “I didn’t want this community to be perceived as victims of their environment — they are not victims at all,” she said. This Germanic-style mansion represented the fortune that Widener acquired developing trolley lines, urban rail lines, and other public utilities that opened up great swaths of undeveloped land for urbanization. In 1971, the North Central Community Organization began approaching residents in an effort to improve living conditions in their immediate neighborhood, on their very own street. The Norris Square project has been operating a community center on North Howard Street since 1973, and a majority of its programs revolve around art, dance, and cooking classes for local students. Residential areas that bordered the university’s campus were most vulnerable as city, state, and federal authorities participated in a process that resulted in hundreds of families being displaced with limited relocation options. As Temple University advanced its 1970 Development Plan, the time had come for community members to fight back. From that point on, the area began a steady decline, Williams-Witherspoon explained. The above graphic from the PCPC illustrates the continuing trend of population loss from Lower North Philadelphia. More recently, North Philadelphia became an Empowerment Zone, a strategy that also relied heavily on community representation and participation in community development efforts. Eventually, community representatives agreed to allow Temple University’s expansion plan in exchange for various concessions by the university, including land for a community approved purpose and scholarships for neighborhood youth. Moral doubt over the cruel usage of animals has a long history in Philadelphia. QuickFacts provides statistics for all states and counties, and for cities and towns with a population of 5,000 or more. Even native Philadelphians have difficulty identifying the boundaries of this area of their city with precision. Bartram’s Garden, Merchant Exchange Building, Philadelphia Society for Preservation, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, The Historical Society of Frankford, The Frankford Avenue Bridge (King’s Highway), Spruce Street Harbor Park and Blue Cross River Rink, The Laurel Hill Cemetery –, Greenwood (Knights if Pythias) Cemetery, Pennypack Woods More In this example, the City Planning Commission had unscrupulously gathered information from area residents to be used against them with regard to the calculated demolition of their homes. Examples of Community Involvement The National Historical Landmark is now home to the city’s Mural Arts Program, a nonprofit organization seeking to empower both artists and everyday individuals through art. Affiliated with the Young Men’s Hebrew Association (YMHA) at first, the team soon became known as the SPHAS (South Philadelphia Hebrew Association) after the YMHA withdrew its sponsorship because it considered the sport too ⇒ Read More, Sports card collecting, a classic American hobby, has strong ties to Philadelphia. These four examples highlight some of the diverse approaches used, and the range in years from the late 1960s to the present day demonstrates that these processes are long-term. There are 7,297 male residents living in North Philadelphia and 7,446 female residents. Russel H. Conwell, a lawyer and writer, founded Temple University in 1884. In 1890 that number grew to 39,371 African-Americans out of a city population of 1,046,964 (U.S. census, 1890). After a decline in immigration during the wars of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era, the growing industrialization of the Philadelphia region began to attract streams of ⇒ Read More, The International Peace Mission Movement, an American communitarian religion founded in the early decades of the twentieth century, established a significant presence in Philadelphia under the leadership of its African American minister, the Reverend Major Jealous Divine, better known as Father Divine (1879?-1965).


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